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The reliability and validity of the Malaysian version scale were evaluated based on the data collected from 133 Malaysian smokers.

The internal consistency was calculated to assess the reliability.

However, in this report, we present the findings from phase 1 and 2 of this study.

The findings of the Asian FGID Study will be presented in separate manuscripts.

The new questions will be referred to as Asian adapted questions.

To maintain compatibility with the R3DQ and to allow for comparison with earlier studies, we retained all the original questions in their original wording, but positioned the Asian adapted questions directly after each of the original question.

As English is not the first language for most Asians, translation-validation of EAR3Q is essential.